Health Opportunity Index

data.virginia.gov | Last Updated 21 Sep 2020

The Virginia Health Opportunity Index (HOI) is a group of indicators that provide broad insight into the overall opportunity Virginians have to live long and healthy lives based on the Social Determinants of Health. It is a hierarchical index that allows users to examine social determinants of health at multiple levels of detail in Virginia. It is made up of over 30 variables, combined into 13 indicators, grouped into four profiles, which are aggregated into a single Health Opportunity Index. For more information visualizations visit: https://apps.vdh.virginia.gov/omhhe/hoi/

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This dataset has the following 20 columns:

Column NameAPI Column NameData TypeDescriptionSample Values
Census Tractcensus_tracttext10-Digit Census Tract FIPS code
Rural~Urbanrural_urbantextRural or Urban Indicator based on Rural-Urban Commuting Codes
Access to Careaccess_to_carenumberAccess to Care Indicator: Whether community members have access to a primary care physician and the means to pay for care. It includes the proportion of uninsured residents and the number of physicians within 30 miles of the community.
Employment Accessibilityemployment_accessibilitynumberEmployment Accessibility Indicator: A measure of the number of jobs accessible to members of the community. Accessibility is determined by distance: close jobs are more accessible than jobs farther away.
AffordabilityaffordabilitynumberAffordability Indicator: The proportion of a community’s income spent on housing and transportation. This indicates how much income remains for other priorities, including food, health care and social activities.
Air Qualityair_qualitynumberAir Quality Indicator: Includes EPA measures of pollution, including on-road, non-road and non-point pollution, and EPA measures of neurological, cancer and respiration risk.
Population Churningpopulation_churningnumberPopulation Churning Indicator: The amount of population turnover within a community. It measure the rate at which people both move into a community and move out of a community.
EducationeducationnumberEducation Indicator: The average number of years of schooling among adults in the community. It can range from zero (those with no formal schooling) to 20 (those with a doctorate/professional degree).
Food Accessibilityfood_accessibilitynumberFood Accessibility Indicator: A measure of access to food by low income people within a community. It measures the proportion of the low income community that has a large grocery store within 1 mile in urban areas or 10 miles in rural areas.
Income Inequalityincome_inequalitynumberIncome Inequality Indicator: The Gini Index, a common measure of income inequality, measures whether the income earned within a community is distributed broadly or concentrated within the hands of small number of households.
Job Participationjob_participationnumberJob Participation Indicator: The percentage of individuals 16-64 years of age active in the civilian labor force. It includes both those currently working and those seeking work.
Population Densitypopulation_densitynumberJob Participation Indicator: The percentage of individuals 16-64 years of age active in the civilian labor force. It includes both those currently working and those seeking work.
SegregationsegregationnumberSegregation Indicator: A measure of whether and how much people of different racial and ethnic backgrounds live together in diverse communities. It includes measures of both community diversity and the distance between communities with different racial or ethnic profiles.
Material Deprivationmaterial_deprivationnumberMaterial Deprivation Indicator: Based on the Towsend Material Deprivation Index, it examines the private material resources available to households in a community. Four indicators make up Towsend: overcrowding, unemployment, autoless homes, and, home ownership rate.
WalkabilitywalkabilitynumberWalkability Indicator: A measure of how walkable a community is based on residential and employment density, land use (destination) diversity, street connectivity and public transit accessibility.
Community Environment Profilecommunity_environment_profilenumberThe Community Environment Profile is a measure of the natural, built and social environment of a community. It includes the following indicators: Air Quality, Population Density, Population Churning, and Walkability
Consumer Opportunity Profileconsumer_opportunity_profilenumberThe Consumer Opportunity Profile is a measure of the consumer resources available within a community. It includes the following indicators: Affodability, Education, Food Accessibility, and Material Deprivation
Economic Opportunity Profileeconomic_opportunity_profilenumberThe Economic Opportunity Profile is a measure of the economic opportunities available within a community. It includes the following indicators: Employment Accessibility, Income Inequality, and, Job Participation
Wellness Disparity Profilewellness_disparity_profilenumberThe Wellness Disparity Profile is a measure of the disparate access to services within a community. It includes the following indicators: Access to Care and Segregation
Health Opportunity Indexhealth_opportunity_indexnumberThe Virginia Health Opportunity Index (HOI) is a group of indicators that provide broad insight into the overall opportunity Virginians have to live long and healthy lives based on the Social Determinants of Health.