3-Year Recidivism for Offenders Released from Prison in Iowa

mydata.iowa.gov | Last Updated 11 Sep 2019

This dataset reports whether an offender is re-admitted to prison or not within three years from being released from prison in Iowa. The recidivism reporting year is the fiscal year (year ending June 30) marking the end of the three year tracking period. The Department of Corrections uses recidivism as an indicator on whether strategies are reducing offenders relapse into criminal behavior. A three year time frame is used as studies have shown if an offender relapses into criminal behavior it is most likely to happen within three years of being released.

Tags: prison, parole, recidivism

This dataset has the following 17 columns:

Column NameAPI Column NameData TypeDescriptionSample Values
Fiscal Year Releasedfiscal_year_releasednumberFiscal year (year ending June 30) for which the offender was released from prison.
Recidivism Reporting Yearrecidivism_reporting_yearnumberFiscal year (year ending June 30) that marks the end of the 3-year tracking period. For example, offenders exited prison in FY 2012 are found in recidivism reporting year FY 2015.
Main Supervising Districtmain_supervising_districttextThe Judicial District supervising the offender for the longest time during the tracking period.
Release Typerelease_typetextReasoning for Offender's release from prison.
Race - Ethnicityrace_ethnicitytextOffender's Race and Ethnicity
Age At Releaseage_at_releasetextOffender's age group at release from prison.
SexsextextGender of our offender
Offense Classificationoffense_classtextMaximum penalties: A Felony = Life; B Felony = 25 or 50 years; C Felony = 10 years; D Felony = 5 years; Aggravated Misdemeanor = 2 years; Serious Misdemeanor = 1 year; Simple Misdemeanor = 30 days
Offense Typeoffense_typetextGeneral category for the most serious offense for which the offender was placed in prison.
Offense Subtypeoffense_subtypetextFurther classification of the most serious offense for which the offender was placed in prison.
Return to Prisonreturn_to_prisontextNo = Did not return to prison within the three year tracking period; Yes = Admitted to prison for any reason within the three year tracking period
Days to Returndays_returnnumberNumber of days it took before the offender returned to prison.
Recidivism Typerecidivism_typetextIndicates the reason for return to prison.
New Offense Classificationnew_offense_classtextNew conviction maximum penalties: A Felony = Life; B Felony = 25 or 50 years; C Felony = 10 years; D Felony = 5 years; Aggravated Misdemeanor = 2 years; Serious Misdemeanor = 1 year; Simple Misdemeanor = 30 days
New Offense Typenew_offense_typetextGeneral category for the new conviction while the offender is out of prison.
New Offense Sub Typenew_offense_subtypetextFurther classification of the new conviction.
Target Populationtarget_populationtextThe Department of Corrections has undertaken specific strategies to reduce recidivism rates for prisoners who are on parole.