OMI/Aura Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Total and Tropospheric Column 1-orbit L2 Swath 13x24 km V003 (OMNO2) at GES DISCdata.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2019-12-13T00:25:01.000Z
The Version 3 Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Standard Product (OMNO2) is now available from the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center. The major improvements include: (1) an improved spectral fitting algorithm for retrieving slant column densities, including the use of monthly mean solar spectral irradiances; (2) improved resolution (1 degree latitude and 1.25 degree longitude) a priori NO2 profiles from Global Modeling Initiative chemistry-transport model with yearly varying emissions. The improvements are described in the updated OMNO2 readme document (see Documentation). The OMNO2 contains slant column NO2 (total amount along the average optical path from the sun into the atmosphere, and then toward the satellite), the total NO2 vertical column density (VCD), the stratospheric and tropospheric VCDs, scattering weights, cloud radiative fraction and optical centroid pressure, and other ancillary data. The short name for this Level-2 OMI total column NO2 product is OMNO2. The algorithm leads for this product are NASA OMI scientist Dr. Nickolay A. Krotkov and KNMI Scientist Dr. Pepijn J. Veefkind. The OMNO2 files are stored in the version 5 EOS Hierarchical Data Format (HDF-EOS5). Each file contains data from the day lit portion of an orbit (~53 minutes). There are approximately 14 orbits per day. The maximum file size for the OMNO2 is ~23 MB.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2020-03-05T22:47:42.000Z
CAL_LID_L2_05kmCPro-Prov-V3-40 data are CALIPSO Lidar Level 2 Cloud Profile data. The Lidar Level 2 Cloud Profile data product contains cloud profile data and ancillary data. The cloud profile product is produced at 5 km horizontal resolution and is written in HDF. Note that there is no atmospheric volume characterization associated with the cloud profile products. Also, the 1064 calibration scheme assumes that both the extinction and the backscatter from clouds are spectrally independent. Consistent with this assumption, extinction and backscatter profiles will be reported for clouds only at 532 nm. Additionally, it is important to note that the aerosol profile product extends upward to 30.1 km, while the cloud profile product ceases at 20.2. Therefore, users interested in polar stratospheric clouds will need to order the aerosol profile data product. The science algorithms used to produce the V3.40 CALIOP data products are identical to those used to generate the V3.01 and V3.02 products; however, some of the ancillary data used in the V3.40 analyses is different. All CALIOP data products rely on meteorological data provided by NASA's Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO). The V3.01 and V3.02 data products were produced using the GMAO's GEOS 5.2 data products. Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) was launched on April 28, 2006 to study the impact of clouds and aerosols on the Earth's radiation budget and climate. It flies in the international A-Train constellation for coincident Earth observations. The CALIPSO satellite comprises three instruments, the Cloud-Aerosol LIdar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP), the Imaging Infrared Radiometer (IIR), and the Wide Field Camera (WFC). CALIPSO is a joint satellite mission between NASA and the French Agency, CNES.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2020-01-29T03:16:03.000Z
This dataset contains calibrated images of comet 103/P Hartley 2 acquired by the Medium Resolution Visible CCD (MRI) from 05 September through 26 November 2010 during the Hartley 2 encounter phase of the EPOXI mission. Clear-filter and CN images of the comet were acquired throughout this phase; OH, C2, and dust continuum images were only acquired for several days spanning closest approach.
Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Inherent Optical Properties (IOP) Global Binned Datadata.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2019-12-13T00:01:53.000Z
MODIS (or Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) is a key instrument aboard the Terra (EOS AM) and Aqua (EOS PM) satellites. Terra's orbit around the Earth is timed so that it passes from north to south across the equator in the morning, while Aqua passes south to north over the equator in the afternoon. Terra MODIS and Aqua MODIS are viewing the entire Earth's surface every 1 to 2 days, acquiring data in 36 spectral bands, or groups of wavelengths (see MODIS Technical Specifications). These data will improve our understanding of global dynamics and processes occurring on the land, in the oceans, and in the lower atmosphere. MODIS is playing a vital role in the development of validated, global, interactive Earth system models able to predict global change accurately enough to assist policy makers in making sound decisions concerning the protection of our environment.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2020-01-29T04:26:19.000Z
The proposed SBIR project will develop OZ, an innovative primary flight display for aircraft. The OZ display, designed from "first principles" of vision science, cognition, and Human-Centered Computing, brings all cockpit information required for flight together into a single, unified display that uses a common frame of reference employing both the focal and ambient channels of human visual processing. This proposal addresses Topic A1.05 Crew Systems Technologies for Improved Aviation Safety. It specifically addresses the goals of ensuring appropriate situation awareness and facilitating and extending human perception, information interpretation, and response planning and selection. Its primary focus is in the SBIR topical areas of interest in Data fusion technologies for real-time integration and integrity checking of single source information streams of varying spatial and temporal resolution; and Human-centered technologies to improve the access and performance of less-experienced operators and pilots from special population groups. Previous experimentation has shown that OZ provides significantly better performance for pilots than conventional flight instrumentation. The proposal will test the feasibility of using OZ to provide situational awareness superior to that provided by both conventional instrumentation and commercially available electronic primary flight displays. Phase I will show that OZ is also superior to existing electronic primary flight displays that display conventional flight instrumentation on an electronic display and will develop and demonstrate a prototype OZ system in a general aviation aircraft. In Phase II the prototype system will be flight tested against competing electronic flight information systems and a DO-178B compliant OZ system will be developed and flight tested to determine its suitability for FAA certification for general aviation aircraft.
MERRA-2 tavgM_3d_qdt_Np: 3d,Monthly mean,Time-Averaged,Pressure-Level,Assimilation,Moist Tendencies 0.625 x 0.5 degree V5.12.4 (M2TMNPQDT) at GES DISCdata.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2019-12-13T00:21:23.000Z
The Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications version 2 (MERRA-2) is a NASA atmospheric reanalysis for the satellite era using the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) with its Atmospheric Data Assimilation System (ADAS), version 5.12.4. The MERRA project focuses on historical climate analyses for a broad range of weather and climate time scales and places the NASA EOS suite of observations in a climate context. MERRA-2 was initiated as an intermediate project between the aging MERRA data and the next generation of Earth system analysis envisioned for the future coupled reanalysis. Without a substantial investment to update MERRA's data assimilation routines, the system lacked the capability to analyze the latest observations. In addition, numerous advances to the GEOS5 system had been implemented since freezing the MERRA system in 2008. Therefore, a new full reanalysis integration was undertaken. MERRA-2 covers the period 1980-present, continuing as an ongoing climate analysis as resources allow. Sign Up for the MERRA-2 Mailing List Sign up for the MERRA-2 listserv to receive announcements on the latest data information, tools and services that become available, data announcements from GMAO and more! Contact the GES DISC User Services (firstname.lastname@example.org) to be added to the list. MERRA-2 Science Data and Data Processing Questions Do you have a question about MERRA/MERRA-2? Take a look at the File Specification Document (https://gmao.gsfc.nasa.gov/pubs/docs/Bosilovich785.pdf) and if that doesn't answer your question, users can contact staff with questions on the data, data processing and science. Send questions to email@example.com.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2019-12-12T23:52:17.000Z
The ERBE-like Footprint TOA Fluxes (ES-8) product contains 24 hours of instantaneous Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument, Flight Model 2 (FM2) on the Terra spacecraft. The ES-8 contains filtered radiances recorded every 0.01-second for the total (TOT), shortwave (SW), and window (WN) channels and the unfiltered SW, longwave (LW), and WN radiances. The SW and LW radiances at spacecraft altitude are converted to Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) fluxes with a scene identification algorithm and Angular Distribution Models (ADMs) which are "like" those used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The TOA fluxes, scene identification, and angular geometry are included on the ES-8. CERES is a key component of the Earth Observing System (EOS) program. The CERES instruments provide radiometric measurements of the Earth's atmosphere from three broadband channels. The CERES missions are a follow-on to the successful Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) mission. The first CERES instrument (PFM) was launched on November 27, 1997 as part of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). Two CERES instruments (FM1 and FM2) were launched into polar orbit on board the EOS flagship Terra on December 18, 1999. Two additional CERES instruments (FM3 and FM4) were launched on board EOS Aqua on May 4, 2002. The newest CERES instrument (FM5) was launched on board the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite on October 28, 2011.
tavgM_3d_udt_Cp: MERRA 3D IAU Tendency, Wind Components, Monthly Mean 1.25 x 1.25 degree V5.2.0 (MATMCPUDT) at GES DISCdata.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2019-12-13T00:27:56.000Z
The MATMCPUDT or tavgM_3d_udt_Cp data product is the MERRA Data Assimilation System 3-Dimensional eastward wind tendencies that is time averaged on pressure levels at a reduced resolution. It is a history file that is produced from the GCM during the corrector segment of the IAU cycle. All collections from this group are at reduced horizontal resolution. MERRA, or the Modern Era Retrospective-analysis for Research and Application, is a NASA reanalysis for the satellite era (30 years 1979-current) using the Goddard Earth Observing System Data Assimilation System Version 5 (GEOS-5 DAS). This data product contains 3-dimensional fields that do not vary during the reanalysis. The data are on the GEOS-5 native 288 x 144 grid with 1.25 degree longitude x 1.25 degree latitude resolution. The pressure-level data will be output in 42 pressure levels. The files contain the monthly means. Data are archived in the HDF-EOS2 (Grid) format, based on HDF4. Sign Up for the MERRA-2 Mailing List Sign up for the MERRA-2 listserv to receive announcements on the latest data information, tools and services that become available, data announcements from GMAO and more! Contact the GES DISC User Services (firstname.lastname@example.org) to be added to the list. MERRA-2 Science Data and Data Processing Questions Do you have a question about MERRA/MERRA-2? Take a look at the File Specification Document and if that doesn't answer your question, users can contact staff with questions on the data, data processing and science. Send questions to email@example.com.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2020-01-29T02:12:55.000Z
A novel approach is proposed for the suppression of the aircraft's structural vibration to increase the resilience of the flight control law in the presence of the aeroelastic/aeroservoelastic (AE/ASE) interactions. Currently aircrafts with non-adaptive control laws usually include roll-off or notch filters to avoid AE/ASE interactions. However, if changes in the aircraft configuration are significant, the frequencies of the flexible modes of the aircraft may be shifted and the notch filters could become totally ineffective. With the proposed approach, the flexible modes can be consistently estimated in real-time via system identification algorithm. The identified flexible modes information is sought to be injected to the adaptive control algorithm to update a set of pre-chosen basis functions, These are the key elements for the effectiveness of the proposed method. As a result, undesirable effects of elastic modes will be suppressed while the whole system stability being maintained. Two case/analysis scenarios will be considered. First, the feedforward filter topology will be mainly used to reduce any atmospheric induced structural vibration of the aircraft. Second, the adaptive feedback control is triggered to suppress any AE/ASE interactions, and prevent any possible Flutter/Limit Cycle Oscillation (LCO) of the actual flexible aircraft.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2019-12-12T23:52:28.000Z
The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single satellite using measurements from the primary crosstrack instrument. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is "like" the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). CERES is a key component of the Earth Observing System (EOS) program. The CERES instruments provide radiometric measurements of the Earth's atmosphere from three broadband channels. The CERES missions are a follow-on to the successful Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) mission. The first CERES instrument (PFM) was launched on November 27, 1997 as part of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). Two CERES instruments (FM1 and FM2) were launched into polar orbit on board the EOS flagship Terra on December 18, 1999. Two additional CERES instruments (FM3 and FM4) were launched on board EOS Aqua on May 4, 2002. The newest CERES instrument (FM5) was launched on board the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite on October 28, 2011.